The victim died after being struck by a cupboard in her bedroom that fell on her during the violent shaking.
Most of the other injuries were sustained as walls collapsed when the quake struck at 5:22 a.m. local time.
Shaking was felt strongly across the northwestern tip of Sumatra, including the provincial capital of Banda Aceh and surrounding districts.
Seismologists say the strength of the shaking was due to the relatively shallow depth of the quake’s epicenter — about 6 miles beneath the surface.
On December 26, 2004, a temblor off northwest Sumatra triggered a massive tsunami that killed 230,000 people across Asia. Most of the fatalities occurred in Aceh.